Introduction

 

The Roadmap for awareness and implementation of energy efficiency and use of renewable energy sources (RES) addresses “knowledge institutions” in the Black Sea countries that are willing to make a commitment to assess, manage and improve their energy performance, aiming at reducing their conventional energy use, using energy efficiently, introducing the use of renewable energy sources, mitigating the effects of climate change and, thus, saving costs. The term “knowledge institutions” refers to research and academic institutions, such as universities, academies of science and research centers. This roadmap is compiled in the frame of the research project “Green Cluster of Knowledge Institutions of Black Sea: A Roadmap on Renewable Energy Sources and Energy Efficiency for Research and Academic Institutions”, which is co-financed by the BSEC-HDF Committee and coordinated by the International Centre for Black Sea Studies (Greece) with the participation of TUBITAK Marmara Research Center (Turkey) and National Research University – “Higher School of Economics” (Russia).

This roadmap is a voluntary tool designed with a view to transferring knowledge and know-how to the BSEC Member States from international, European or Black Sea best practices of academic or research centers and consequently to guide them towards implementing simple and soft green practices, in order to become more energy and cost-efficient.

The development of this roadmap was mainly based on:

  • The international and European existing manuals and guidelines for the improvement of energy performance of an institution / organization, such as the ISO 14001 manual, the Energy Star guidelines and the Energy Management Audit Scheme (EMAS) toolkit
  • The current national legal frameworks of the Black Sea countries participating in the project (Greece, Turkey and Russia) and coordinated efforts of the Black Sea countries’ to strengthen efficient energy performance (conventions, the outcomes of the Black Sea Economic Organisation’s Working Group and Task Force on Energy, etc.) that provide suitable legal and institutional frameworks for the implementation of this Roadmap
  • A number of international, European and Black Sea best practices in the sphere of energy efficiency and RES that have been successfully implemented in knowledge institutions    

The starting point of the proposed tools is a “Plan-Do-Check-Act” approach, and the roadmap focuses on the energy performance of knowledge institutions: energy saving and use of RES in both the existing organizational structure and materials used by the institutions, and in horizontal processes, such as the equipment procurement.

The roadmap is written in a non-technical manner, so it can be easily understood and implemented by non-experts. It is actually a manual proposing a step-by-step approach for evaluating the energy performance of an institution setting indicators and a monitoring system. This approach consists of seven specific steps:



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