Policy Brief No. 25
- CategoryPolicy Brief
- YearJune 2012
- AuthorBarbara Wick & Sergiu Porescu
The report evaluates the importance of S&T in the ENPI for EECA countries through the assessment of existing instruments and mechanisms of the ENP as well as the implementation of its programmes and national agendas. Looking at the relevance of ENP/ENPI goals for the S&T landscape in the region, the report concludes that there is room for closer cooperation in this area between the EU and EECA countries. The instruments available under this policy framework could be used to strengthen national research infrastructure and to foster EECA participation in the EU Programmes open for the region (7th Framework Programme, Competitiveness and Innovation Programme,
TEMPUS etc). Although the current budgetary framework is coming to an end, some of the recommendations can be useful for further EU policies targeting the EECA region.
S&T as Part of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP/ENPI)
As it was initially conceived, the European Neighbourhood Policy’s (ENP) vision involved a ring of countries sharing the EU’s fundamental values and objectives, drawn into an increasingly close relationship, going beyond cooperation to involve a significant measure of economic and political integration. The EU was seeking to reinforce relations with neighbouring countries to the east and south in order to promote prosperity, stability and security at its borders.
At present, 16 partners are addressed by the ENP: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, the Republic of Moldova, Morocco, the occupied Palestinian territory, Syria, Tunisia and Ukraine.
The ENP provides the EU with the means to deepen bilateral relations with these countries. The policy is based upon a mutual commitment to common values: democracy and human rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable development.
Concrete actions for EU cooperation with countries from the region are envisaged within bilateral Action Plans signed between the EU and each ENP partner (12 of them have been agreed upon). These set out an agenda of political and economic reforms with short- and medium-term priorities of 3 to 5 years. S&T is one of the areas of cooperation under the Action Plans.
Eastern European and Central Asian countries, European Neighbourhood Policy, European Neighbourhood, Policy Instrument, Science, Innovation and Technology cooperation