Policy Briefs

  • Policy Brief no. 31

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearDecember 2015
    • AuthorSeven Erdoğan
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Black Sea Extroversion at European and International Level"

    Each enlargement process of the European Union (EU) brings along new neighborhoods and alters the old ones. This motivates EU to develop a way to deal with the new or old neighborhoods to transform them in line with European values and to protect the zone of security, peace and stability in Europe. This paper aims to deal with the EU’s involvement in the Black Sea region. In this scope, firstly, the EU policy mechanisms, namely the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP), the Black Sea Synergy and the Eastern Partnership (EaP), will be considered to be used in the relations with the Black Sea countries. Secondly, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the EU in its engagement to the Black Sea region will be identified. The paper finally, will conclude that the EU has to devote more resources and efforts for the Black Sea region to enhance its strengths, to mitigate its weaknesses, to utilize the opportunities and to protect itself from the threats of its new neighborhood.

    Director General: Dr. Zefi Dimadama

    Managing Editor:  Athina Korovesi


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  • Policy Brief no. 30

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearDecember 2014
    • AuthorArgyro Spyridaki
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "The European Transport Policy at the Bl​ack Sea area" 


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  • Policy Brief no. 29

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearJuly 2014
    • AuthorMariana Semenyshyn
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "The Bl​ack Sea region in the media" 

    This report looks at the media coverage of the Black Sea region in the newspapers of Russia, Turkey and Ukraine, as well as at the Black Sea representation in the ‘new’ social media. By conducting the monitoring of eight newspapers in the abovementioned countries, we aim to identify the degree to which the Black Sea is being perceived as the region in the media discourses of these states; as well as to clarify the media perception of the Black Sea regional cooperation. Moreover, taking into account the growing role of the ‘new’ social media, the potential role of the ‘new’ social media tools in promoting regional cooperation is evaluated. 


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  • Policy Brief no. 28

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearSeptember 2013
    • AuthorGeorgia Chantzi
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "The emergence of Azerbaijan as a regional leader 

    Development and Sustainability"

    In the immediate post-Soviet period, Azerbaijan was in political, economic and social distress. Twenty years since independence however, Azerbaijan has achieved great improvement. Since then, the country marks great scores among the CIS countries in development and competitiveness indexes. Recently, Azerbaijan has been ranked 39th country according to “The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014” released by World Economic Forum. Currently, Azerbaijan endorses a new development project for the future; one based on the diversification of economy thus decreasing dependence on the oil sector.


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  • Policy Brief no. 27

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearMarch 2013
    • AuthorAmb. David Kereselidze
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "A Perspective on Tourism in the BSEC Countries"

    Tourism as the world’s largest industry and fastest growing economic segment experienced growth in spite of the harsh practicalities of recent crisis, thus trend is upward encouraging countries all over the world to contribute more resources to it. Black Sea Area with its historical heritage, diversity and exquisite flora and fauna has potential to benefit from the tourism industry. Throughout the decades by enforcing multilateral economic ties, BSEC has served as the platform under which various projects and declarations concentrating on the tourism was implemented. Necessity of sustainable development of tourism industry in the Black Sea area in order to achieve economic benefits for all is vivid and therefore gives motivation for higher level cooperation and importance of mutual consent between states. This policy brief touches upon benefits and challenges of tourism industry in the Black Sea region while underlining the significance of promotion of tourism in the area.


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  • Policy Brief no. 26

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearDecember 2012
    • AuthorDr. Zefi Dimadama, Dr. Vladimir Korolev, Dr. Anna Pikalova and Dr. Liliana Proskuryakova, Prof. Panagiotis Liargovas, Dr. Ioannis Bakouros and Dr. Samara Elpida, Dr. Sotiris Zygiaris, Margarita Angelidou
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Innovation in the wider Black Sea region: Policies and Structures"


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  • Policy Brief no. 25

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearJune 2012
    • AuthorBarbara Wick & Sergiu Porescu
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    Executive summary

    The report evaluates the importance of S&T in the ENPI for EECA countries through the assessment of existing instruments and mechanisms of the ENP as well as the implementation of its programmes and national agendas. Looking at the relevance of ENP/ENPI goals for the S&T landscape in the region, the report concludes that there is room for closer cooperation in this area between the EU and EECA countries. The instruments available under this policy framework could be used to strengthen national research infrastructure and to foster EECA participation in the EU Programmes open for the region (7th Framework Programme, Competitiveness and Innovation Programme, TEMPUS etc). Although the current budgetary framework is coming to an end, some of the recommendations can be useful for further EU policies targeting the EECA region.

    S&T as Part of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP/ENPI)

    As it was initially conceived, the European Neighbourhood Policy’s (ENP) vision involved a ring of countries sharing the EU’s fundamental values and objectives, drawn into an increasingly close relationship, going beyond cooperation to involve a significant measure of economic and political integration. The EU was seeking to reinforce relations with neighbouring countries to the east and south in order to promote prosperity, stability and security at its borders.
    At present, 16 partners are addressed by the ENP: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, the Republic of Moldova, Morocco, the occupied Palestinian territory, Syria, Tunisia and Ukraine.
    The ENP provides the EU with the means to deepen bilateral relations with these countries. The policy is based upon a mutual commitment to common values: democracy and human rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable development.
    Concrete actions for EU cooperation with countries from the region are envisaged within bilateral Action Plans signed between the EU and each ENP partner (12 of them have been agreed upon). These set out an agenda of political and economic reforms with short- and medium-term priorities of 3 to 5 years. S&T is one of the areas of cooperation under the Action Plans.

    Keywords
    Eastern European and Central Asian countries, European Neighbourhood Policy, European Neighbourhood, Policy Instrument, Science, Innovation and Technology cooperation


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  • Policy Brief no. 24

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearMarch 2012
    • AuthorSergiu Celac, Tedo Japaridze, David Kereselidze, Zefi Dimadama and Ilias Roubanis
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Building a Sustainable Future for the Black Sea area: New Perspectives & Challenges for B.S.E.C."

    In accordance with the recent developments, the financial and economic crisis proved to have profound and long-lasting implications for the Black Sea area. Under these circumstances the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC), a multilateral political and economic initiative which aims at the promotion of stability, prosperity and good-neighbourly relations in the region, had to acquire an attractive, feasible, prospect and renewed intellectual effort, in order to forward revised priorities for the countries of the Black Sea region in the difficult years to come. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats set the framework for the BSEC to enter a new phase with an overarching strategic approach under the concept of sustainable development.


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  • Policy Brief no. 23

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearJuly 2011
    • AuthorIlia Roubanis and Zefi Dimadama
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Food Security, Human Security and the Black Sea: The Instructive Case Study of 2010-2011 Events"

    This policy brief focuses on a case study. It is suggested that an environmental disaster during the summer of 2010 in the Black Sea region triggered in winter 2011 a food crisis in the Arab World; in turn, this led to massive riots, revolts, political instability, a NATO operation and, alas, an oil crisis that accentuates an already suffering global economy. Coextensively, it maybe suggested that an environmental crisis triggered a political crisis, which escalated in a series of conflicts that are of major concern for traditional security structures in Europe and beyond. In sum, the argument is made that as a result of this experience, the human security agenda must have a direct effect on our traditional security agenda. The question addressed at this point is how these interrelated chains of events affect the security establishment and our notions of a ‘high strategy.’  


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  • Policy Brief no. 22

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearJune 2011
    • AuthorTedo Japaridze
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Notes on the Margins
    A Longer View: Reflections about the Future" 

    The idea for a text like this had been percolating in my mind for some time though I was setting up to write it a little bit later. But the situation and the circumstances have changed and I have to leave my position at the ICBSS slightly earlier than I planned. Though I am grateful for that “motivating push” as such ideas and intentions never become reality. This is not a standard article or some witty academic or stylistically wellformatted eloquent text.


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  • Policy Brief no. 21

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearNovember 2010
    • AuthorZefi Dimadama and Alexia Timotheou
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Greening the Black Sea: Overcoming Inefficiency and Fragmentation through Environmental Governance"


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  • Policy Brief no. 20

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearJanuary 2010
    • AuthorTedo Japaridze, Panagiota Manoli, Dimitrios Triantaphyllou and Yannis Tsantoulis
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "The EU's Ambivalent Relationship with the BSEC: Reflecting on the Past, Mapping out the Future"


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  • Policy Brief no. 19

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearNovember 2009
    • AuthorSir Basil Markesinis
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "The American and Russian Economies in Moments of Crisis: A Geopolitical Study in Parallel"


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  • Policy Brief no. 18

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearOctober 2009
    • AuthorPanayotis Gavras and Ghinea Arminio Iorga
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "The Impact of the Current Economic and Financial Crisis on the Black Sea Region"


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  • Policy Brief no. 17

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearOctober 2009
    • AuthorIoannis Stribis
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Pooling Forces in Protecting the Black Sea Marine Environment: Actors and Actions"


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  • Policy Brief no. 16

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearJune 2009
    • AuthorEleni Fotiou
    • CountryGreec
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Caucasus Stability and Cooperation Platform”: What is at Stake for Regional Cooperation?"


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  • Policy Brief no. 15

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearMay 2009
    • AuthorJohn Roberts
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "The Role of Azerbaijan in European Gas Supply and the Greek Interest"


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  • Policy Brief no. 14

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearApril 2009
    • AuthorIoannis Stribis
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Black Sea Sectoral Partnerships: A Tentative Model"


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  • Policy Brief no. 13

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearApril 2009
    • AuthorBurcu Gultekin-Punsmann
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "The Caucasus Stability and Cooperation Platform: An Attempt to Foster Regional Accountability"


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  • Policy Brief no. 12

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearFebruary 2009
    • AuthorYannis Tsantoulis
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Black Sea Synergy and Eastern Partnership: Different Centres of Gravity, Complementarity or Confusing Signals?"


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  • Policy Brief no. 11

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearFebruary 2009
    • AuthorTedo Japaridze
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "A Memo on How to Make the EU – BSEC Relations Relevant and Productive"


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  • Policy Brief no. 10

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearDecember 2008
    • AuthorYasar Yakis
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "The Black Sea and the Georgian Crisis"


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  • Policy Brief no. 9

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearDecember 2008
    • AuthorPanagiota Manoli and Stelios Stavridis
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "An Emerging Euro – Black Sea Parliamentary Dimension? Contributing to the Black Sea Synergy"

     


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  • Policy Brief no. 8

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearOctober 2008
    • AuthorDimitrios Triantaphyllou and Yannis Tsantoulis
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Looking Beyond the Georgian Crisis: The EU in Search of an Enhanced Role in the Black Sea Region"


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  • Policy Brief no. 7

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearMay 2008
    • AuthorAlexandros Yannis
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "The European Union and the Black Sea Region: The New Eastern Frontiers and Europeanisation"


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  • Policy Brief no. 6

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearMay 2008
    • AuthorBurcu Gultekin-Punsmann
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Black Sea Regional Policy Approach: A Potential Contributor to European Energy Security"


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  • Policy Brief no. 5

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearFebruary 2008
    • AuthorIoannis Stribis
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Participation in International Organisations and Institutional Renewal"


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  • Policy Brief no. 4

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearJuly 2007
    • AuthorGeorge Bonas
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Science and Technology in the BSEC Region: Proposals for Enhanced Cooperation"


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  • Policy Brief no. 3

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearDecember 2006
    • AuthorSergiu Celac
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "The European Union and Maritime Issues in the Black Sea Area"


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  • Policy Brief no. 2

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearSeptember 2006
    • AuthorNicolae Ecobescu
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "BSEC AT FIFTEEN: Enhancing Effectiveness through Better Performance and Meaningful Institutional Reform"


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  • Policy Brief no. 1

    • CategoryPolicy Brief
    • YearJuly 2006
    • AuthorPanagiota Manoli
    • CountryGreece
    • LanguageEnglish

    "Reflecting on the BSEC: Achievements, Limitations and the Way Forward"


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