6th BSEC Month of Culture
1-30 November 2022
Art - Azerbaijan
Prehistoric Rock Art has played a significant role in Azerbaijan.
The Absheron peninsula, both washed by the Caspian Sea and protected by massive mountains of the Caucasus ridge, is well known for its ancient monuments dating back to no earlier than the 3rd millenium B.C.
In 2008, the Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum Complex was created to host the findings of the Gala State Historical and Ethnographic Preserve.
The petroglyphs displayed in the museum are the ones found in this territory. The oldest examples were described by ways of engraving, scratching and chipping. The majority of these petroglyphs date back to the 3rd -2nd millennium B.C. The content and structure of images have great importance and a wide variety of topics, such as hunting or marriage. The main character usually is the goddess of woman, while images of animals prevail. Deer has an important role concerning religious beliefs. As for the petroglyphs met on megalithic stones and rocks of Absheron, they date back to approximately the end of the Bronze Age.
For more information, please open the following links: https://www.prehistour.eu/portfolio-item/gala-state-historical-and-ethnographic-preserve/, https://heydar-aliyev-foundation.org/en/content/view/136/2243/Qala-Archaeological-and-Ethnographic-Museum-Complex-
Photographs taken from: https://www.prehistour.eu/portfolio-item/gala-state-historical-and-ethnographic-preserve/
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